- Top Stories
- NEWS UPDATE: Another Blow to Urea-SCR: International Scraps It for 2010
- NEWS UPDATE: Clean-Diesel R&D Consortium Starts November 8
- NEWS UPDATE: U.S. EPA Warns of Fines for Non-ASTM-Spec Biodiesel Sales
- NEWS UPDATE: EU Parliament Tentatively OK’s Vehicle CO2 Targets
- Intertanko Defends Worldwide Conversion of Heavy Bunkers to Distillate
- Researchers Discover Keys to Combining Fischer-Tropsch with Underground Coal Gasification
- ‘Aggressive’ U.S. Incentives Could Spur 2.6 Million b/d CTL, 2.5 Million b/d Oil-Shale
- Qatar GTL Plants May Only Replace ULSD, Lack Premium
- Around the world of Diesel
- Hong Kong Bans High-Sulfur Industrial Diesel, Switches to ULSD:
- India Government Bows to Communists in Coalition, Fails to Raise Diesel Prices to Reflect Free-Market Oil Prices:
- Cessna Offering Diesel-Powered Aircraft in 2008:
- Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad (MBCR) Reports Huge Fuel Savings, Drastic Emissions Reductions with Diesel ‘Gen-Set’ Locomotive:
- Diesel-Electric Hybrid Locomotives Catching-on in France:
- Wall Street Analyst Warns of Continuing Weakness in U.S. Heavy-Duty Diesel New-Truck Market; Cuts Rating on Arvin Meritor:
- More News
- Clean Fuel/Engine Design Consortium Growing
- OECD’s Diesel Demand Increases Nearly 9% in August
- Audi Details 2008 Clean-Diesel Plans for N. America
- Volvo Warns of Biodiesel Emissions, Operating Problems
- Soybean & Sunflower Biodiesel Worst on Deforestation; Palm-Oil Better
- Diesel Witch-Doctor Scam Exposed; Ties to Politicians
- Oil-Sands Coke Gasification Enhancements Boost Distillate Prospects
- ‘Steam Hydrogasification’ Promises Low-Cost Conversion of Coal, Biomass, Wastes to FT Liquids
- Novel Solution to IGCC Cost Problems: Burn FT Fuels Rather Than Syngas
- Key Prices
- Distillate Watch
Coming on the heels of Cummins’ decision against using urea-selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on its heaviest over-the-road trucks meeting U.S. EPA 2010 highway diesel emissions limits, International likewise decided to scrap SCR.
International’s “MaxxForce” brand diesel engines will “meet the stringent U.S. federal 2010 emissions standards for all its core applications without the use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems,” the company announced Oct 31. Engine controls, air-handling and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) will be used instead.
Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) announced Oct. 31 that it will launch the “Clean Diesel V” consortium November 8.
The consortium already includes more than 40 members including diesel engine makers, component suppliers and diesel fuel manufacturers. It’s open to new members as well.
U.S. EPA issued an “advisory” warning that producers and sellers that fail to conform to ASTM D-6751 biodiesel standards can face big fines.
“EPA plans to increase enforcement efforts to ensure that biodiesel producers are complying with EPA’s standards, in particular ensuring that all biodiesel meets ASTM D 6751” standards, the “advisory” says.
The European Parliament passed an “own-initiative” non-binding bill October 24 calling for legislation to cap new-car emissions of carbon dioxide at 125 grams/kilometer by 2015.
Intertanko, the world association of oil and chemical ocean tanker ships, is hitting back against refiner claims that converting the world’s intermediate fuel oil (IFO) to lower-sulfur gasoline/diesel (MDO) for ship bunkers isn’t practical or would cause excessive CO2 at refineries.
“The world is looking to the IMO [International Maritime Organization] to introduce one single global standard, or as near to that as it can get, to counter the threat of regional legislation,” Intertanko said in a statement this month.
Sandton, South Africa – While underground coal gasification (UCG) is making a comeback – initially targeting power generation applications – researchers are only now discovering how to combine UCG with Fischer-Tropsch (FT) fuels conversion.
At the 24th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference here, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) researchers revealed results of a study explaining what obstacles need to be overcome with UCG syngas, and what type of FT can be used most effectively with different types of coals, catalysts and oxygen/carbon dioxide (CO2) contents.
A new report by the U.S. “Task Force on Strategic Unconventional Fuels” finds that aggressive government incentive programs could lead to a 2.6 million barrels/day coal-to-liquid (CTL) fuels industry along with a 2.5 million b/d oil-shale industry.
The report, produced by the U.S. Secretaries of Energy, Defense and Interior, counted on input from governors in key U.S. states with large coal, oil-shale and tar-sands reserves, as well as areas that could boost oil production from CO2 injection (enhanced oil recovery, or EOR).
An academic study on the potential of Qatar to supply large quantities of gas-to-liquids (GTL) diesel to Asia-Pacific markets finds that GTL diesel would only replace refinery crude-based ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and fail to command a price premium over ULSD.
The 2007 study, “The Potential of Gas to Liquids Technology in the Energy Market: The Case of Qatar,” by American University of Beirut professor Riad Chedid, appeared in the academic journal, Energy Policy (Vol. 35, Issue 10), published by Elsevier.
The first meeting of the California Air Resources Board’s (CARB) “low-carbon fuel standard” (LCFS) Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) workgroup this month decided to use the well-known GREET (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation) model, with modifications.
But there’s far less agreement on the modifications themselves, a reflection of the number of inputs and sensitivities that might be needed to make GREET an effective tool for the LCFS.
Around the world of Diesel
India Government Bows to Communists in Coalition, Fails to Raise Diesel Prices to Reflect Free-Market Oil Prices:
Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad (MBCR) Reports Huge Fuel Savings, Drastic Emissions Reductions with Diesel ‘Gen-Set’ Locomotive:
Wall Street Analyst Warns of Continuing Weakness in U.S. Heavy-Duty Diesel New-Truck Market; Cuts Rating on Arvin Meritor:
U.S. Dept. of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) just joined the “model fuels consortium” (MFC), an international group dedicated to finding faster, cheaper and more efficient ways for researchers to develop cleaner fuels and engines.
Demand for diesel among the member nations of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) rose 8.7% year-on-year in August, to 9.91 million b/d, according to the latest monthly Oil Market Report from the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Audi last week announced that it sees “high potential for the very latest technology in North America,” initially via launches of a 3.0-liter TDI diesel engine that meets super-tough U.S. EPA Tier-2, Bin-5 emissions limits.
“As early as next year, Audi will be putting the cleanest diesel engine in the world into series production vehicles in the USA virtually in parallel to its launch in Europe: the 3.0 TDI with ultra-low emission system will initially be available for the Audi Q7, and later for the new Audi A4 too,” the company said.
Running engines on high percentage blends of biodiesel not only will cause excessive nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions but also could cause the engine’s torque limiter to kick-in, Volvo revealed at a European environmental conference this month.
According to a report from Motor Transport (UK), Volvo pointed out that running high percentage biodiesel blends could cause trucks to fail the relatively modest NOx limits in Euro-4 regulations (far more lenient than U.S. NOx limits).
A study published in the ecology journal Conservation Biology warns that the growing demand for biodiesel could drive large-scale deforestation.
Biodiesel production, which Princeton University researcher Lian Pin Koh estimates could expand by a hundred-fold by 2050, will come at the expense of carbon-rich and bio-diverse tropical forests such as those in southeast Asia.
Note to all you refinery chemical engineers and catalyst technology developers: You may think you’re smart, but you’ve got nothing on Sekuru Mboni.
According to a report from NewsZimbabwe, Zimbabwean police this month arrested a “spirit medium” on fraud charges after she falsely claimed to have discovered a “diesel well” oozing from a hill.
Sandton, South Africa – Researchers at Canmet Energy Technology Center found in tests of oil-sands coke gasification that blending with coal or lignite from Canada’s vast coal reserves could improve results.
In a study presented to 24th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference here, Canmet explained that typical oil-sands coke has a low volatile content, which makes gasification more difficult.
Sandton, South Africa -- University of California-Riverside (UCR) researchers believe they’ve come up with a high-efficiency, relatively lower-cost “steam hydrogasification” scheme that could convert any carbonaceous material to syngas and then to ultra-clean Fischer-Tropsch liquids.
As explained to 24th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference here last month, the UCR College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research & Technology (CE-CERT) process differs from the conventional hydrogasification process that has been used to make synthetic natural gas (SNG) from coal and biomass since the 1930s.
Sandton, South Africa – Maryland-based LPP Combustion LLC unveiled a scheme at 24th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference here that could significantly reduce the cost of building and operating an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant: Burn Fischer-Tropsch (FT) liquid fuels instead of syngas, either fully or partly.
Such a scheme potentially could eliminate the high cost of building and operating a “hot spare” gasifier for an IGCC, since FT liquids (unlike syngas) could be produced and easily stored on-site, for turbine combustion in either base-load or peaking mode – even if the gasifier goes down for maintenance or unplanned outage.